- Credit: Tata Research Institute
- 2018-01-11 09:57:44
In a recent discovery, scientists have found the oldest evidence of a supernova in human history carved on a 5000-year-old stone. The astonishing find came from Jammu and Kashmir, India, where a sky with two bright objects and a hunting scene was found depicted on a stone.
The stone painting was found in a rock wall with the stone facing inside in in the Burzahama region in Kashmir, India, in the 1960s. The site has been dated to 2100 BC. It shows two hunters, a bull, and two beaming disks in the sky initially speculated to be two suns.
Researchers first ruled out there being two suns, then also ruled out a sun and a moon, writing the objects 'cannot be sun and moon since, with such proximity to the sun, the moon would be in a partial phase around the new and hence not very bright.'
Supernovae are astronomical events of unimaginably violent proportions. Towards the end of a massive star's life, its death is signaled out with a cataclysmic expulsion of energy. Along with bountiful amounts of visible light, these explosions also blast out X-rays, which allow scientists to detect and date past supernovae with pretty good accuracy. According to their research, HB9 occurred around 4500 BCE, a time when this area would have been inhabited by people. On top of that, the researchers argue that the position of the mystery object also appears to correlate with the position of HB9 in relation to the Moon. 'The image of one of the hunters coincides with the Orion; the central stag is same as the Taurus. 'The hunter on the right may have been formed from stars of Cetus and other animal on the right may be Andromeda and Pegasus. ‘The long, curved line in the carving, traditionally interpreted as spear, may well be an arc of bright stars.'