Brahma Kamal, the state flower of Uttarakhand in India is one of the most famous flowers seen in the Himalayas. It is scientifically known as Saussurea obvallata which comes under Sunflower family, Asteraceae. This flower is the best example of the flowers and plant life in the alpine habitats at the upper reaches of the mountain ranges.
Saussurea obvallata is a species of flowering plant in the Asteraceae. It is native to the Himalayas and Uttarakhand, India, northern Burma and southwest China. In the Himalayas, it is found at an altitude of around 4500 meters. It is the state flower of Uttarakhand. Saussurea obvallata is a perennial growing to 0.3 m (1 feet). The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by insects. Flowers bloom in mid-monsoon (July–August-September) among-st the rocks and grasses of the hillside at an attitudinal range of 3000–4800 meters.